CULP40040 Cultural Policy 1 (Ireland)

Academic Year 2019/2020

Cultural Policy 1 has two strands of lectures. The first explores the relationship between culture and society, and seeks to locate arts policy within a broader framework of cultural policies. The second strand deals with heritage policies, the history of museums and museum management. m and introducing some of the core concepts of cultural economics are equally relevant to both the arts and heritage.

This module has both theoretical and practical dimensions. It is grounded in a philosophical and historical exploration of the idea of culture as it has emerged over the past two hundred years. It examines the emergence and development of cultural policy internationally from the nineteenth century onwards and in Ireland since independence. It seeks to answer the ‘why’ and ‘how’ questions that lie behind the practice and management of the arts and heritage today. Guest lecturers will provide an insight into current arts and heritage trends and practices from a practitioner perspective.

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Curricular information is subject to change

Learning Outcomes:

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Understand the historical, philosophical, social and economic context of policy development in the arts and heritage fields.
2. identify and apply key concepts deriving from the fields of cultural studies and cultural policy studies.
3. Understand contemporary cultural policies in Ireland in the context of their history and evolution since independence (1922).
4. Account for the administrative structures which have emerged in support of cultural policy in Ireland and internationally.

Indicative Module Content:

The modern origins of the idea of culture as a response to the Industrial Revolution; the emergence of Cultural Studies in the 1960s; the emergence of the discipline of Cultural Policy Studies from the 1980s; the relationship between culture and consumption; cultural economics; culture and tourism; the history of the museum as an institution; the role arts and heritage in community contexts; museum accreditation programmes; contemporary arts management and museum curatorship and management from a practitioner perspective.

Student Effort Hours: 
Student Effort Type Hours


Specified Learning Activities


Autonomous Student Learning




Approaches to Teaching and Learning:
The main approach to learning in this module is the open invitation to all students to become involved in active debate and discussion in class. Culture is such a complex, multi-dimensional subject that it lends itself, and indeed is largely defined through, constant processes of negotiation and contestation. All sessions are designed to provoke discussion on a rolling basis. Given the international composition of the student group, drawing out the different perspectives on culture from a variety of ethnic perspectives adds an important comparative dimension to each student's comparative understanding of the subject, while generating an inclusive learning environment. 
Requirements, Exclusions and Recommendations
Learning Requirements:

An honours university degree at minimum level of 2.2 and work experience in the cultural sector. Selection is by short-listing and interview.

Module Requisites and Incompatibles
Cultural Policy 1 (Ireland) (AH40040)

Assessment Strategy  
Description Timing Open Book Exam Component Scale Must Pass Component % of Final Grade
Essay: 1,500 word essay Unspecified n/a Graded No


Essay: 3,000 word essay Coursework (End of Trimester) n/a Graded No


Carry forward of passed components
Resit In Terminal Exam
Spring No
Please see Student Jargon Buster for more information about remediation types and timing. 
Feedback Strategy/Strategies

• Feedback individually to students, post-assessment

How will my Feedback be Delivered?

Both assignments for this module are due for submission a week to ten days following the conclusion of the twelve-week series of lectures. This will give you some time to organise and polish your your work for both projects (policy exercise and essay). Feedback will be given within twenty days and before commencement of the Spring semester.

Note that the following reading list contains CORE readings for both the Arts and Heritage strands of this module. A more extensive reading list will be provided as part of the course outline issued at the first session of the Autumn semester.

Raymond Williams, Culture and Society, 1958 [Library: GEN 820.9]
Jim McGuigan, Rethinking Cultural Policy, 2004 [Available on short loan from the library]
Terry Eagleton, The Idea of Culture, 2000 [Library: 306:EAG]

Nelson C, Treichler P.A, and Grossberg L. (eds), Cultural Studies: an introduction, Routledge (1992) [Library: GEN 306/GRO]
Jim McGuigan, Studying Culture: an introductory reader, Edward Arnold, 1993, [Library: 306GRA]
Pierre Bourdieu, The field of cultural production : essays on art and literature, edited and introduced by Randal Johnson, Cambridge, 1993 [Library: GEN 306/BOU]
Pierre, Bourdieu, Distinction : a social critique of the judgement of taste / translated by Richard Nice, Routledge, 1984 [Library: GEN 302/BOU]

Jim McGuigan, ‘Cultural Policy Studies’ in Culture and the Public Sphere, 1996 [Library: GEN 306/MCG] Justin Lewis and Toby Miller (eds), Critical Cultural Policy Studies: a Reader, Blackwell, 2002 [Library: GEN 306/LEW – week loan]

David Hesmondhalgh, ‘Approaches to Culture’ in The Cultural Industries, 2002 [Library: GEN 338.477/HES – week loan]
Adorno and Horkheimer, extract from 1944 essay ‘The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception’
David Hesmondhalgh and Andy Pratt, ‘Cultural Industries and Cultural Policy’, IJCP, Vol.11, no.1, 2005
Susan Galloway and Stewart Dunlop, ‘A Critique of Definitions of the Cultural and Creative Industries in Public Policy’, IJCP, Vo. 13, no.1, 2007 [
Terry Flew, ‘Beyond ad hocery: Defining Creative Industries’, Second International Conference on Cultural Policy Research, 2002
David Throsby, ‘Modelling the Cultural Industries’, IJCP, Vol.14, no.3, August, 2008
Nicholas Garnham, ‘From Cultural to Creative Industries’, IJCP, Vol.11, no.1, 2005

Brian P. Kennedy, ‘The Failure of the Cultural Republic: Ireland 1922-1939’, Studies, Spring 1992
Brian P. Kennedy, Dreams and Responsibilities: The State and the Arts in Independent Ireland, Arts Council, 1990
Fitzgibbon, M. (2007) ‘Ireland: Cultural Policy’, published on EU policy site Compendium: Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe (
Pat Cooke, ‘The Artist and the State in Ireland: Artist Autonomy and the Arm's Length Principle in a Time of Crisis,’ Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 37, No. 1/2, (2011), pp. 98-119

Belfiore, E. & O. Bennett (2007) ‘Rethinking the Social Impact of the Arts’, International Journal of Cultural Policy 13:2, 135-151.
Benson, C. (1992), ‘Towards Cultural Democracy’, Studies, Spring
National Economic and Social Forum (2007). The Arts, Cultural Inclusion and Social Cohesion: NESF Report 35. Dublin: National Economic and Social Forum. Summary document available at:
E. Keaney (Institute for Public Policy Research) From Access to Participation: Cultural policy and civil renewal (2006) available at:

Understanding the value of arts & culture: The AHRC Cultural Value Project, Geoffrey Crossick & Patrycja Kaszynska, (2015) [Brightspace]
Belfiore, E. and Bennett O, (2007) ‘Rethinking the Social Impacts of the Arts,’ IJCP, 13:2. [Brightspace] Drury, M. and Hibernian Consulting (2006), The Public and the Arts. Dublin: The Arts Council. Summary document available at:
Merli, P. (2002) ‘Evaluating the Social Impact of Participation in Arts Activities: A critical review of Francois Matarasso’s ‘Use or Ornament?,’ IJCP, 8:1
Matarasso, F. (2002) ‘Smoke and Mirrors: a response to Paola Merli’s “Evaluating the social impact of participation in arts activities”, International Journal of Cultural Policy, 9:3 [Brightspace].
Gray, C. ‘Arts Council England and public value: a critical review,’ IJCP, Vol. 14, No. 2, May 2008, 209–214.

Christopher Woodward, In Ruins, Chatto & Windus, 2001
Alois Riegl (1926),’The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Essence and its Development,’ in Talley M.K., N.S. Price and A.M. Vaccaro (eds.) (1996), Historical and Philosophical Issues in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage, Los Angeles: Getty Publications.

Mark O’Neill, 'Essentialism, adaptation and justice: Towards a new epistemology of museums', Museum Management and Curatorship, 21: 2, 2006, 95-116.
Krzystof Pomian, Collectors and Curiosities, Cambridge, 1990
Elizabeth Crooke, Politics, Archaeology and the Creation of a National Museum of Ireland, Irish Academic Press, 2000.
Pat Cooke, ‘Imperious post-colonialism: dealing with the National Museum of Ireland’s non-European collections in a Free State,’ in Exhibit Ireland: ethnographic collections in Irish museums, Wordwell, 2012, pp. 171-87.

John F. Frei, Counterfeit Community, Rowman and Littleton, 1998; Jane Kramer, Whose Art is it?, Duke University Press, 1994

Getty Institute articles on the economics of conservation are available at:
Mourato and Mazzanti: ‘Economic Valuation of Cultural Heritage’ (2002)
Getty Institute, ‘Values in Heritage Conservation’
John Holden, ‘Capturing Cultural Values’ (DEMOS), Available at:
‘Reflections on the value of the Arts’, Peter Hewitt, ex CEO of the Arts Council of England
Arjo Klamer, ‘Financing the Arts, Journal of Arts Management, Law and Society, Volume 37, 2007 - Issue 3, 2010.
Mark Schuster, ‘Policy and Planning with a Purpose, or the Art of Making Choices’, Cultural Policy Paper, University of Chicago, 2001

M. Cronin and B. O’Connor (eds): Irish Tourism: Image, Culture and Identity, Channel View, 2003
For research and policy papers on tourism, see Failte Ireland website at

The Limits of Heritage: Strategies for the Containable Management of Heritage in Ireland, Pat Cooke, Policy Institute, TCD (2003)
Name Role
Assoc Professor Emily Mark-Fitzgerald Lecturer / Co-Lecturer
Timetabling information is displayed only for guidance purposes, relates to the current Academic Year only and is subject to change.  
Lecture Offering 1 Week(s) - 1 Mon 14:00 - 15:50
Lecture Offering 1 Week(s) - Autumn: All Weeks Thurs 14:00 - 15:50
Lecture Offering 1 Week(s) - Autumn: All Weeks Wed 14:00 - 15:50